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  • How to TP-CASTT a poem (or song).

    Don't sell yourself short by thinking that a poem is beyond you. The poet had a message, so use the acronym for "Title, Paraphrase, Connotation, Attitude, Shifts, Title, and Theme" to guide you as you figure it out.

    Step 1: React to the title
    Determine what you understand of the poem's title without referring to the actual poem. Don't intellectualize it, either -- make a wild guess at first.

    Step 2: Paraphrase the poem
    Paraphrase the poem, finding a way to simplify and relate to what's going on. Rely on your gut instinct and your own words.

    Step 3: Contemplate symbolic content
    Consider the connotation of the poem, studying the poet's deeper intentions through symbolism, allusions, imagery, metaphors, and more.

    Tip
    Poets use words like conductors use music -- to lead the reader to feel and think a certain way. Investigate like a detective, logically figuring out the author's intent.

    Step 4: Observe the tone
    Observe the poem's speaker's attitude and intent through the poem. Like anyone convincing you of their viewpoint, poets will intentionally influence with a tone -- at times friendly, conspiratorial, or adversarial.

    Step 5: Note shifts
    Pay attention to shifts in the speaker's tone or new directions and cadences signaled by punctuation, transitions, stanza length, or even structural changes often meant to draw your attention. Ask yourself what these might mean.

    Step 6: Turn to the title again
    Turn to the title again, this time re-evaluating your first impression in light of the new information you have gleaned.

    Tip
    Keep in mind that most great poems are not jotted down in one impressionistic draft, but revised many times over months of work.

    Step 7: Identify the theme
    Identify the theme and how it relates to the poem or what it says about the human condition rather than just what it subjectively means to you.

    Uploaded Feb 06, 2018by Joseph Barbara
  • Dead Poets Society--The mass of men lead lives of quiet desperation."

    Mr. Keating, giving an example of how to find your own voice and look at things from a new perspective.

    Uploaded Jan 19, 2018by Joseph Barbara
  • Big Yellow Taxi

    Joni Mitchell's song, performed by The Counting Crows.

    Uploaded Jan 18, 2018by Joseph Barbara
  • 38:48 Christmas Obsession: Critique writing video

    Uploaded Dec 14, 2017by Stephanie Osborn
  • 3:44 Adjectives GramActiva

    Uploaded Nov 29, 2017
  • Why Read Moby-Dick by Nathaniel Philbrick

    In his latest book, Nathaniel Philbrick, author of In the Heart of the Sea and Mayflower, convincingly explains why one should read Herman Melville's intimidating Great American Novel.

    Uploaded Nov 04, 2017by Joseph Barbara

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